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Risk Disclosure

RISKS INVOLVED IN TRADING IN DERIVATIVES CONTRACTS:-

Effect of "Leverage" or "Gearing" :

The amount of margin is small relative to the value of the derivatives contract so the transactions are 'leveraged' or 'geared'. Derivatives trading, which is conducted with a relatively small amount of margin, provides the possibility of great profit or loss in comparison with the principal investment amount. But transactions in derivatives carry a high degree of risk.

You should therefore completely understand the following statements before actually trading in derivatives and also trade with caution while taking into account one's circumstances, financial resources, etc. If the prices move against you, you may lose a part of or whole margin equivalent to the principal investment amount in a relatively short period of time. Moreover, the loss may exceed the original margin amount.

  • Futures trading involves daily settlement of all positions. Every day the open positions are marked to market based on the Settlement price. If the settlement price has moved against you, you will be required to deposit the amount of loss (notional) resulting from such movement. This margin will have to be paid within a stipulated time frame, generally before commencement of trading next day.
    Note: If the market moves in your favour, your account will be credited with the amount of notional profit resulting from such a movement. Leo Global Commodities as members will act as the intermediary between you and the exchange for movement of these funds.
  • If you fail to deposit the additional margin by the deadline or if an outstanding debt occurs in your account, the broker/member may liquidate a part of or the whole position. In this case, you will be liable for any losses incurred due to such closeouts.
  • Under certain market conditions, an investor may find it difficult or impossible to execute transactions. For example, this situation can occur due to factors such as illiquidity i.e. when there are insufficient bids or offers or suspension of trading due to price limit or circuit breakers etc.
  • In order to maintain market stability, the exchange may adopt the following steps: changes in the margin rate, increases in the cash margin rate or others. These new measures may be applied to the existing open interests. In such conditions, you will be required to put up additional margins or reduce your positions.

Risk-reducing orders or strategies:
The placing of certain orders (e.g., "stop-loss" orders, or "stop-limit" orders), which are intended to limit losses to certain amounts, may not be effective because market conditions may make it impossible to execute such orders. Strategies using combinations of positions, such as "spread" positions, may be as risky as taking simple "long" or "short" positions.

Suspension or restriction of trading and pricing relationships:
Market conditions (e.g., illiquidity) and/or the operation of the rules of certain markets (e.g., the suspension of trading in any contract or contact month because of price limits or "circuit breakers") may increase the risk of loss due to inability to liquidate/offset positions.

Commission and other charges:
Before you begin to trade, you should obtain a clear explanation of all commission, fees and other charges for which you will be liable. These charges will affect your net profit (if any) or increase your loss.

Trading facilities:
The Exchange offers electronic trading facilities, which are computer-based systems for order routing, execution, matching, registration or clearing of trades. As with all facilities and systems, they are vulnerable to temporary disruption or failure. Your ability to recover certain losses may be subject to limits on liability imposed by the system provider, the market, the clearinghouse and/or member firms.

This document does not disclose all of the risks and other significant aspects involved in trading on a derivatives market. The user should therefore study derivatives trading carefully before becoming involved in it.